Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Business Studies

includes general business topics such as entrepreneurship, management, marketing, and supervision

What Does "Open" Mean?

Defining the "Open" in Open Content and Open Educational Resources

The terms "open content" and "open educational resources" describe any copyrightable work (traditionally excluding software, which is described by other terms like "open source") that is licensed in a manner that provides users with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities:

  • Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)
  • Reuse - the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)
  • Revise - the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)
  • Remix - the right to combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)
  • Redistribute - the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)

This material was created by David Wiley and published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license at

OER Guide for SDCC

Open Educational Resources (OER) are free digital learning materials that may be reused and/or customized. They often use Creative Commons licensing, so you can tell upfront what permissions are available for copying and sharing. Examples of OER may include textbooks, lesson plans, learning modules, lecture notes and slides, syllabi, assignments, podcasts, images, videos, and training materials.

Details on OER are too extensive for just one page in this guide, so please go to this the separate, detailed guide created for SDCC: Open Educational Resources

Link to OER guide at City

custom footer